Books, Papers & Journal


Handbook of Sustainable Innovation
Mgumia, A., Trojer, L. (2023). Handbook of Sustainable Innovation -Learnings from Innovative Cluster and Innovation Fund Initiatives in Tanzania. Commission for Science and Technology, COSTECH, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. November 2023

clusterpedia has been developed by a team of SICD, PACF and cluster experts from Uganda and Tanzania. It is linked to the development process of second generation of cluster facilitator training in Africa with an emphasis on innovation processes.

Gulbrandsen, E., Nsengiyumva, A., Rydhagen, B., Trojer, L. (eds.) (2004). ICT, Innovation System and the Role of Universities in Societal Development – a (post)colonial strain?. Butare, National University of Rwanda Press, pdf.

Mwamila, B., Trojer, L., Diyamett, B., Temu, A. (2004). Innovation Systems and Innovation Clusters in Africa, Proceedings from The Regional Conference Innovation systems and Innovative clusters in Africa, Bagamoyo, University of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, pdf.

Okidi-Lating, P. (2011). Realities of Transdisciplinary Research Development in Uganda – Co-evolution of Knowledge in Triple Helix Processes (2011) , Makerere University Press, pdf

Rydhagen, B. & Trojer, L. (eds) (2014). The Role of Universities in Inclusive Innovation – cluster development in East Africa (2014) , Nelson Mandela African Institution of Science and Technology, Arusha, Tanzania, pdf

Trojer, L. (2018). Sharing Fragile Future – feminist technoscience in contexts of implication (2018) ,  Makerere University Press, pdf


Okidi – Lating, P., Kucel, S., Trojer, L. (2007). E-Learning for Development in Rural Uganda: Co-evolution in Triple Helix Processes. Proceedings of the Conference on Collaborative Research for Technological Development, Kampala, Uganda.

Mutambi, J., Byaruhanga, J., Buhwezi, B., Trojer, L., Okidi-Lating, P. (2011). Transferring Best Practices for Uganda Technological Innovation and Sustainable Growth. Proceedings of 2nd International Advances in Engineering and Technology Conference of Makerere University, Kampala, Macmillan Uganda.

Ecuru, J., Trojer, L., Okidi-Lating, P., Ziraba, Y. (2012). Structure and Dynamics of Uganda’s Technological Innovation System. African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development, 4(4).

Trojer, L., Rydhagen, B. & Kjellqvist.T. (2014) (Published online: 02 Jan 2015) “Inclusive innovation processes – experiences from Uganda and Tanzania”, African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development, Routledge, Vol. 6, No. 5, 425–438.

Trojer, L. (2014). When society speaks back. Relevance issues for research in cluster contexts in low-income countries in Rydhagen, B., Trojer, L. (eds), The Role of Universities in Inclusive Innovation – Cluster development in East Africa. Nelson Mandela African Institution for Science and Technology, Arusha, Tanzania.

Acevedo, C., Trojer, L. (2017). Re-reading Inclusive Innovation Processes: cluster development, collective identities and democratization of research agendas. Revista Científica “Ciencia y Tecnología”, Universidad Mayor de San Simón, 9(1),108-116.

Paxling, L. (2018). Exploring technology design among mobile entrepreneurs in Kampala: An open space workshop, The Electronic Journal of Information Systems in Developing Countries, 2020;86:e12116,

Gulbrandsen, E., Trojer, L. (2019). Co-inventing innovation: Comments on the convergence of knowledge and politics, in Gulbrandsen, E., The New Production of Politics – between the no longer and the not yet, Blekinge Institute of Technology Doctoral Dissertation Series, No 2019:13.


International Journal of Technoscience and Development (IJTD), link.
IJDT is published by College of Engineering, Design, Art and Technology (CEDAT)Makerere University, Uganda.